Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) post distribution monitoring activities of World Vision Bangladesh (WVB), under ‘Nobo Jatra- project was conducted by Grameen Bikash Foundation (GBF).
The key objectives of the monitoring were to ensure appropriate targeting; monitor the utilization and control over the cash; food consumption pattern of pregnant and lactating women; assess the child care seeking behavior (breastfeeding, supplementary feeding-MNP, attendance of GMP/EPI sessions etc.) and to understand client satisfaction with the CCT activity through quarterly post-distribution monitoring.
This post monitoring has shown a result against each of the objectives. Beneficiary targeting was assessed and found an appropriate with the set criteria, eligibilities and purpose through a neutral selection process. Pregnant women and lactating mother are from extremely poor household fully met preconditions. The study has shown the utilization pattern of CCT money utilized in three major areas such as purchasing food for pregnant women, lactating mother and child, meeting medical expenses such as child treatment cost after birth, and delivery cost in clinic and medicine etc.
It has been found that the beneficiaries spent 42% of the CCT money for food consumption, 29% for medical treatment, 7% for family minor expenses and 1% for loan repayment. However, the beneficiaries kept 21% of the CCT money as savings for meeting further medical treatment and food. In some of the cases the beneficiaries were able to make their own decision on spending money while in most other cases their decisions were influenced by their husbands and mother-in-laws. The study also found that a significant number of beneficiaries are found being educated by attending in GMP, SBCC, and court yard sessions.
This report also entails an assessment of beneficiary’s satisfaction in terms of overall CCT money distribution process. It has been observed that none of the beneficiaries were dissatisfied rather most of the beneficiaries (63 %) were very satisfied with the overall process of CCT money distribution. However, a negligible percentage (1%) of beneficiary were moderately satisfied as they expected more money.
Overall, the study found that the beneficiaries (PLWs) are utilizing the CCT money in a proper way as per their demand Other than utilization, building awareness on ANC and PNC services increasing knowledge and decision-making ability of the PLW has become more visible in all spare of the process. However, this report also highlighted some problems including informal financial transaction for obtaining ANC card from government staff and the influence of husbands in the decision-making processes especially control over CCT money.